The Problem

The worldwide health consequences of inadequate water and sanitation services include an estimated 4 billion cases of diarrhea and 1.9 million childhood deaths each year. Diarrheal diseases also lead to decreased food intake and nutrient absorption, malnutrition, reduced resistance to infection, and impaired physical and cognitive development.

In Haiti, one of every eight children die before their fifth birthday, and diarrhea is the leading cause of death in children under five. Highlighted below are a number of diseases that Haitians face due to poor water quality:

1. Viral Disease => severe, sudden onset of diarrhea
2. Bacterial Infection => Typhoid, Cholera, chronic diarrhea
3. Parasitic Disease => Giardia, Worms, Amebic Infection
4. Naturally Occurring Chemical Toxins => Arsenic, Uranium, Heavy Metals
5. Man-made Chemical Toxins => Benzene, Lead, Mining Runoff, disinfectant by products

Priorities for Clean Water Technology

  • Elimination of Viral and Bacterial Contamination, the leading cuse of mortality in vulnerable populations
  • Removal of Parasitic Contamination, a leading deterrent to thriving of children
  • Elimination of Arsenic, Lead, and Benzene, a leading cause of cancers and renal failure
  • Elimination of Disinfection Byproducts, which are known to be a moderate Long-term risk of cancer

Population Priorities, based on Vulnerability

#1 Small Children (Younger than Five)
#2 Pregnant Women/ Nursing Mothers
#3 People with Compromised Immune Systems
#4 Elderly
#5 Children Five to Fifteen
#6 Healthy Adults